What's Happening In Your World

Study: Black Male Incarcerations Jumped 500% from 1986 to 2004, Resulting in a Mental Health Crisis

by Dr. Boyce Watkins

A report has been released at Meharry Medical College School of Medicine about the devastating impact that mass incarceration has on our society.  The study, published in Frontiers in Psychology, is one of the most thorough examinations of the impact that mass incarceration has on the African American community.  The study’s authors argue that the billions of dollars being spent keeping non-violent offenders behind bars would be better spent on education and rehabilitation.

“Instead of getting health care and education from civil society, African American males are being funneled into the prison system. Much of this costly practice could be avoided in the long-term by transferring funds away from prisons and into education,” says Dr. William D Richie, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Meharry Medical College, lead author of the paper.

The study’s authors note that 60% of all incarcerations are due to non-violent, drug-related crimes.   The authors also note that the cost of substance abuse in the United States is as high as half a trillion dollars per year.

“Spending money on prevention and intervention of substance abuse treatment programs will yield better results than spending on correctional facilities,” the authors claim in the study.

Finally, the authors note that while crime rates have declined over the last 20 years, incarceration rates has climbed through the roof. The inmates occupying these jail cells are disproportionately black.  In fact, the black male incarceration rate has jumped by 500% between 1986 the 2004.  The authors note that, even for those who don’t abuse drugs before going to prison, the likelihood of substance abuse after prison goes up dramatically.

You can read more of the study at this link

The mass incarceration epidemic affects all of us, even those who haven’t gone to prison: It affects the child who grows up without  a father who has been incarcerated, the children who are bullied at school by that child, the woman seeking a husband who can’t find a good man to marry, the list goes on and on.  When so many of our men are marginalized and incarcerated, this has a powerful impact on the sociological ecosystem of the black community, the same way an economy crumbles when a few large companies go bankrupt.

The point here is that we cannot look at the holocaust of mass incarceration as someone else’s problem or something that just affects criminals.  The punishment should fit the crime, and when every study imaginable says that black people are more likely to go to jail for the same crimes, this means that Jim Crow is alive and well.  Something must be done at the grassroots, state and federal levels.  We cannot allow this epidemic to exist any longer.

Dr. Boyce Watkins is the founder of the Your Black World Coalition and the creator of the “Building Outstanding Men and Boys (BOMB) Family Empowerment Series” To have Dr Boyce commentary delivered to your email, please click here.

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74 comments

  1. The study referenced in the sixth paragraph moved. The new link is http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00098/abstract

  2. No, their criminal records should NOT be removed. People have a right to know the history of the person they’re hiring and make a decision to employ or to not employ based on a person’s likelihood of being a worthy employee. @ Jimmy and @ Michael L. Lofton :::::::::APPLAUSE::::::::::::::

  3. There is no way you can compare these so called mass incarcerations to slavery. Our ancestors didn’t volunteer to be slaves ,they were brought here against their will by force .Their children were born into slavery and didn’t know any other way of life.

    As to these so called mass incarcerations, our young males nowadays have a say in whether or not they go to prison. Don’t do the crimes and you don’t go to prison. People don’t go to prison for a non violent first offense either. These are sorry young males that want to prey on and poison their own neighborhoods by selling drugs. They are making someone else rich at their neighborhoods expense.

    I once read a study that said drug dealers were actually only making minimum wage when you consider the time put in and the lack of benefits.

    Then when one gets shot etc who pays their medical expenses or their funeral expenses. Their mothers are usually saddled with those expenses ,of course all their friends or associates don’t chip in to help with expenses.

    It time for us as a people to quit making excuses for these behaviors and demand better from our young males.

  4. Exactly…its everyone's problem. Let get to working on a solution. Maybe for starters, fathers should be responsible for helping in raising their children. Then, people who have unprotected sex should stop. Having babies without a spouse who is willing to help in the upbringing of that child, leads to angry kids. Next, take your children to church. It's not only about you anymore!

  5. “When will Black people stop holding everybody except themselves accountable for their behavior. Using drugs or having them in one’s possession is against the law. Having them escape any punishment is ridiculous. It’s the same as saying, “I know what I’m doing is breaking the law, but I should be given nice break since I didn’t kill anyone”. Even if it were possible to forego any sort of punishment, who the h**l do you think would employ them? – drug testing is done in every facility now. And what daycare center or school wants substance abusers and drug peddlers to work for them? Do you want someone doing yardwork, plumbing or electrical work in your home that’s also a drug dealer, but since he can’t be prosecuted, nobody knows his reputation? What makes you think you can rehabilitate someone who would then have free reign to do whatever the heck he wants to without fear of going to jail? What incentive would they have to do the right thing or make good choices? And since drug dealers and users can’t be prosecuted, how fair is that to thieves and drunk drivers? Black men can best help themselves by stopping this foolishness. It’s against the law, so be ready to bear your punishment.”by truthbeliever

    -truthbeliever

    Although your statement is true for these cases it is not an absolute many other instances to where law abiding black men and women are fined, jailed, and/or both without just cause….

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-897625

    Oath of Office,: “I, (President, Supreme Court Justice, Congressperson, Assemblyman, Mayor, City Councilperson, Judge, ), during such times as I hold the office, I, do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States (the Constitution of the State of California, Maryland, Illinois, etc., etc.), against all enemies foreign (terrorist enemies of the U.S., illegal immigrants, un-American or un-Constitutional anything and everything, etc.) and domestic (treasonous individuals or organizations, any Police Chief who condones this and the Police Chief’s rogue police officers, unethical or criminal elected officials or public servants, illegal aliens or his or her advocates, un-American anything and everything), and that I will bear true faith and allegiance, to the Constitution of the United States , (State Constitution), and that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties upon which I am about to enter.”

    Although your statement is true for many cases it is not an absolute, in many other documented cases untold numbers of innocent black men, women, and children have been persecuted, fined, jailed, execution due to the atrocities of government and not a criminal act committed by the innocent black men, women, and children who have been victimized by this……

    …all while elected black leaders sworn under oath and mandated by law to uphold the Constitution, an oath office remain silent.

  6. http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-898506

    The innocent victim is actually Kendrec McDade and not the Illegal Alien Oscar Carrillo, who returned to the U.S. after being deported, made a false 911 call, submitted a false police report, all being criminal acts

  7. http://yourblackworld.net/2012/11/black-news/study-black-male-incarcerations-jumped-500-from-1986-to-2004-resulting-in-a-mental-health-crisis/#comment-279142

    “When will Black people stop holding everybody except themselves accountable for their behavior. Using drugs or having them in one’s possession is against the law. Having them escape any punishment is ridiculous. It’s the same as saying, “I know what I’m doing is breaking the law, but I should be given nice break since I didn’t kill anyone”. Even if it were possible to forego any sort of punishment, who the h**l do you think would employ them? – drug testing is done in every facility now. And what daycare center or school wants substance abusers and drug peddlers to work for them? Do you want someone doing yardwork, plumbing or electrical work in your home that’s also a drug dealer, but since he can’t be prosecuted, nobody knows his reputation? What makes you think you can rehabilitate someone who would then have free reign to do whatever the heck he wants to without fear of going to jail? What incentive would they have to do the right thing or make good choices? And since drug dealers and users can’t be prosecuted, how fair is that to thieves and drunk drivers? Black men can best help themselves by stopping this foolishness. It’s against the law, so be ready to bear your punishment.”by truthbeliever.

    -truthbeliever

    Although your statement is true for these cases it is not an absolute. In many other instances law abiding black men and women are fined, jailed, and/or both without just cause…….

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-897625

    Oath of Office,: “I, (President, Supreme Court Justice, Congressperson, Assemblyman, Mayor, City Councilperson, Judge, ), during such times as I hold the office, I, do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States (the Constitution of the State of California, Maryland, Illinois, etc., etc.), against all enemies foreign (terrorist enemies of the U.S., illegal immigrants, un-American or un-Constitutional anything and everything, etc.) and domestic (treasonous individuals or organizations, any Police Chief who condones this and the Police Chief’s rogue police officers, unethical or criminal elected officials or public servants, illegal aliens or his or her advocates, un-American anything and everything), and that I will bear true faith and allegiance, to the Constitution of the United States , (State Constitution), and that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties upon which I am about to enter.”…….Although your statement is true for many cases it is not an absolute, in many other documented cases untold numbers of innocent black men, women, and children have been persecuted, fined, jailed, execution due to the atrocities of government and not a criminal act committed by the innocent black men, women, and children who have been victimized by this…….

    …all while elected black leaders sworn under oath and mandated by law to uphold the Constitution, an oath office remain silent.

  8. When will Black people stop holding everybody except themselves accountable for their behavior. Using drugs or having them in one’s possession is against the law. Having them escape any punishment is ridiculous. It’s the same as saying, “I know what I’m doing is breaking the law, but I should be given nice break since I didn’t kill anyone”. Even if it were possible to forego any sort of punishment, who the hell do you think would employ them? – drug testing is done in every facility now. And what daycare center or school wants substance abusers and drug peddlers to work for them? Do you want someone doing yardwork, plumbing or electrical work in your home that’s also a drug dealer, but since he can’t be prosecuted, nobody knows his reputation? What makes you think you can rehabilitate someone who would then have free reign to do whatever the heck he wants to without fear of going to jail? What incentive would they have to do the right thing or make good choices? And since drug dealers and users can’t be prosecuted, how fair is that to thieves and drunk drivers? Black men can best help themselves by stopping this foolishness. It’s against the law, so be ready to bear your punishment.

    • There is a modicum of truth in everyone’s comments. However, I have a perspective too. And, it is, that integrationism has been our death kiln. Busing, to effectuate desegregated schools has failed. Voting rights legislation has not succeeded. Affirmative Action failed. I await the U.S. Supreme Court’s updated decision pertaining to A.A.. Folk continue lamenting how “things” have changed. It’s just another version of the same ole thang; similar to slavery, in this Country, only its another version of slavery as was known in the 1800s. Another one of our deficits is the Church. Basely, because Christianity is the version as taught by Caucasians in this Country i.e. they deify themselves as the Supreme Being.

  9. Time for society's real criminals (ie. those in power to criminalize black men) to be penned!

  10. Shocking. This might sound a tad racist or negative but maybe more black people are in prison because there are more black people committing crimes? or at least getting caught and arrested. Most of the arguments of this issue go for not just black people, but for all people. People who commit crimes should be punished. They knew what they did was wrong and they didn't care. People who are in Prison are people who broke THE LAW. The LAW is so lowly viewed now and days as just a minor inconvenience. They should have stricter penalties for all crimes. If crime had higher punishments, people would think a lot more before choosing to break the law. If crime is the problem in your community, then focus your frustrations on getting rid of the criminals. I do think there should be a program to rehabilitate and help them back into society, but only AFTER they have served their punishment. A society must have order and order must be kept. If someone is disorderly or unfit for society, they are incarcerated.

  11. Incarceration is not the problem! Incarceration is the result of either a first time serious offense or violating probation that was given for a lesser charge. Evidently a person is insane to violate probation & get sent to prison! I "broke the law" in'96 for selling dope & the judge was kind enough to give me probation! It was my first & last offense-becuz I wasn't "insane" or hardheaded enough to violate my probation which would send me to prison especially since the judge made it perfectly clear that's what would happen if I did violate! So incarceration is not the problem…its the crime that got them there!

  12. Rachelle Dee-Dee Tucker

    This must be dealt with at the federal level. Period.

  13. Slavery By Another Name.
    EXCELLENT Documentary…" If you had something free in the past you don't want to pay for it now "(Slavery).

  14. I have a lump in my throat. We have a lot of work to do in order to change state and local level. We can start by eliminating federal funding for incarceration of non-violent offenders. Shift funding to educatin, jobs and rehab.

  15. These Links Are A Must Watch For All: Have you ever wondered WHY America went from global leader in slave population to current global leader in prison population?

    1. Learn about the trickery that's been plaguing inhabitants in America from the Slave Trade Era to now.
    2. See how the 13th Amendment in addition to various types of laws similar to Peonage Law was the birth of legal slavery in America where corporations continue to profit to this very day.
    3. Learn how industrial plants derived from the word plantation.
    4. Learn how laws are constantly created to legally enslave citizens (War on Drugs, Failed Economy, Those in Arrearage for Child Support and countless others are on the list for legal slavery).
    5. Why the states complain there is a lack of monies yet has financing to build and expand more jails and prisons? For WHO?

    Slavery By Another Name.
    http://video.pbs.org/video/2176766758/

    Prison Privatization (Peonage Law In A New Name).
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mobileweb/john-w-whitehead/prison-privatization_b_1414467.html

    Two Forms Of Slavery That Still Exist In America.
    http://articles.businessinsider.com/2012-02-23/home/31089793_1_slavery-slave-laborers-convict

    The House I Live In (Interview).
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_pKUdImZvg

    Exposing the Failed War On Drugs and Seeing Corporations Profiting on Prisoners (legal slaves like the Peonage Law).
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?annotation_id=annotation_193888&feature=iv&src_vid=I1UMvLYVDP4&v=ioYkho-iyN8

    War On Drugs Cost Calculator.
    http://www.drugsense.org/cms/wodclock

  16. Johnny Duncan, you are a man who gave thought to what you wanted to say, and I like it. The future for our people was thought of and acted upon, long before we were born. And the results are shown every day in our young men. Prison is another form of putting them on the slave block. When they go to jail for low crimes, they come out as hard criminals with no chance of any rights. This society is has planed your future atleast 20 to 50 yrs. ago. We are short term thinkes. And we rely on them (THE LONG TERM THINKERS) to help us or have a good heart to turn this around. When you become a long term thinker, then and only then will you be able to turn the future around for your young black boys and girls.

  17. How about getting YOUR 1st Black President to call of the CIA dogs that sell narcotics in the black community for profit, sent there originally by Lyndon B. Johnson after he dumped black Americans into projects and fed them free government cheese so that they would "vote Democrat for the next 200 years"? Finally, when Ronnie Reagan started a war on drugs, the Democrats exposed the CIA and told Ronnie to layoff of their MONEY so they threw Ollie North in the loop. For roughly 45 years, we have allowed the CIA to profit from EVERY and ALL TYPES of destruction to the black community. Now is the time, a democrat hasn't done ANYTHING for black america with the exception of the 'talented 10%' who are the teachers (that hold kids in 'cradle to the prison pipelines' until the are old enough to catch a case and move to the 'prison industrial complex'. Times UP, let's GO!

    • Correct me if I'm wrong but wasn't President George H.W. Bush a former head director of the C.I.A, oh yea he's a Republican

    • Yeah Kevin!!! Probably been MORE Republicans that just H. W. Bush. The point is the 'black' community needs to get the 'narcotics' out of the poor black communities. ALL poor communities need to get the narcotics out of their communities. It's just because L. B. Johnson gave the free cheese, etc. the black family can NOT apparently, seem, to LEAVE those zip codes, even though we can buy ANYWHERE!!!

    • Talented. 10th. Sound like the boulay. Lol

  18. The mainstay of “The Peculiar Institution” (Slavery) was the Black male, as field hands and as studs during the “Interstate Slave Trade”. The “Essential Exception” of the 13th Amendment allegedly abolished slavery “except as punishment for crime”. i. e., in prison and jail.

    The problem with Black incarceration being propelled through the stratosphere begins much earler in American History. In 1662 Virginia passed a law making the slave female the head of the family. The child was given the status of the mother to prevent children with white fathers from taking the staus of the free father.

    This act made the Black female the head of the family, one of the few–if not the only matriarchal family in the world. After the creation of the United States, the federal government adopted and promulgated this practice. Consequently, the Black male was demasculated and the woman given reign over the Black family.

    With this tragic set up came Black women portraying themselves as men and trying to fulfill the roles of the man in the family. This effort failed. The result of the this failure can be seen in the lack of discipline in so many families headed by females. With the absent of a man in the family came the dam broke wide open. With very few exceptions, a woman (Black or White) cannot raise a male child with the discipline and success that a man can. The absence of the male discipline in the Black family resulted in the mass incarcertaion of Black males.

    The problems (alluded to in this article) for Black women caused by mass incarceration of the African American male were self-inflicted. The problems were created mentality that was created by the absence of the male in the family. Futhermore, this psychology led to the development of a mental condition which made Black women think that the Black man was dispensable. In other words, like the stud farm during the Interstate Slavery, the Black man was a piece of beef who could be used to get pregnant in order to produce an offspring who would be the source of a government check. That’s it in a nutshell.

    I am Dr. Johnny Duncan, the composer of the poem “I Can” (1987) which created the term Afr-i-can Amer-i-can (hyphens added for emphasis) as it is used today to descroibe Black people.

  19. Since we all know that the odds are against our people, then the nuclear family has to be vigilant is preventing our babies falling. As a people we can't look to others to fix our problems, we have to be the solution.

  20. This is a no BRAINER. It also shows how the African-American Family has disintegrated. Blacks will have to fix this themselves, and it can be done.

  21. Intervene on the National Crisis…Let Love Lead the Way!–"Healing The BrotherHood Campaign-2009…Let the Healing Begin 4 some, Continue for Others–Stronger…Wiser….Much Better..We must all work together to Intervene on the National Crisis!

  22. Leontyne Clay Peck

    Remnants from slavery…this must change.

  23. We can not lock up a diease

  24. The complete history as to why and how this is happening has been written for review. The book is call "The Condemnation Of Blackness" author, Prof. Khalil Gibran Muhammad. Having a black American President is not going to guide our male youth. Understanding what justice is in America for non white people, can somehow prevent one from joining groups that have given up or becoming a indivdual who feels, there is no hope for a good life. The Streets is the only answer.
    Sadly the book pictures a contradiction in what kind of America we really live in.

  25. PB Short–You spoke volumes in your post, volumes of truth that sadly too many in this country willfully ignore. In effect, slavery wasn’t abolished, it has simply morphed into something different, but the results are the same–massive amounts of black people being exploited for free or damn near free labor. I would also like to point out that a global system of apartheid is in effect, you can see it where ever black and brown people exist. Until we the world majority decide to overthrow this system and create a truly egalitarian system in it’s place, nothing will change. Certainly not the creators of the current system.

  26. MOST! FOLLOW THE NEGATIVE! IT'S MORE EXCITING!

  27. Preston Washington

    I have to say that this is a serious problem that Black men are facing in this so-called "enlightened society" that we now have. We can come to the aid of those in need, but abandon these young men. Nay, I say! But the real problem happened back in 1712 by a slave owner by the name of Willie Lynch. (the term "lynching" was derived from his last name). If you study the speech carefully, especially those in the mental health and domestic health care field, will see a obvious connection to the mental health problems associated with his method. This has been going on, unknown, festering for years, spreading like a cancer in our race. This is the disease that needs addressing. You can't solve the problem, until you know the source.

  28. During Bill Clinton’s presidency, more prisons were built; for instance, the state of Ohio has nine million (9,000,000) people in the entire state, and have thirty six (36) male prisons with an average population of three thousands inmates per prison compared to the state of Clifornia that has over twenty million (20,000,000) people and the same thirty six (36) prisons…

    Education must start and end in the homes as it is the parents responsibility to make sure their child is educated…

    The main problem I see with mass incarceration of our people is the fact that we continue to take deals made by the prosecution, and we encourage our people to take the so-called deal…

    When a person give up their right to a trial, then they lose everything…there are no sentencing guidelines when a person pleads guilty…

    If a person takes their case to trial and lose, there are sentencing guidlines, and the person has a right to appeal their case for a number of reasons…

    We are constanly being told and believeing that a all white jury is not going to believe you, or that you are going to make the judge mad if you waste the states money by going to trial which is all a bunch of bulls crap…

    I would guess that ninety percent (90%) of the men incarcerated gave up their right to a trial plead guilty to a crime they did or did not committ…

    Another problem I see is with Black attorneys who have totally turned against their own race for the money…since we cannot afford the high price of an attorney, these attorney’s are forced to take the government contract (welfare) as a court appointed attorney, and they are told to convince their Brother to plead guilty…

    I watched a Black female attorney, who represented me and about thirty other men in Virginia convince everyone to plead guilty…she tried her best to get me to plead guilty or to take a deal of three (3) to five (5) years for a crime I did not commit…I ask her how could she sleep at night knowing that she was locking up Black males for no reason other than to satisfy the state…she had no answer…and sadly, all of my friends thought I should have taken the deal offered…instead, I chose to exercise my right to a TRIAL, and the judge dismiss the case because there was no case, but if I would have plead guilty, I would have received a minimum of five (5) years…

    The purpose of this so-called imprisonment is to employ whites who live in remote areas of each state, you know, in the mountains…thus the reason why people have to travel a minimum of three hours to see their family members…

    The second reason is to attract big businesses, especially international businesses…for instance, in order for the state of Ohio to get Honda to build a plant there, they built part of their plant onto two prisons for the inmates to perform the work for ninety dollars ($90.00) per month…

    This is why I have always said that both the republicans and democrats are both against black people…they play the role of “Good COP (democrtes) and Bad COP (republicans) during the interrorgation (geeting your vote) but the outcome is the same…

    The bad cop always treat you bad and the good cop say “hey, I’m your friend, you can trust me”…but both parties work together…

    At some point in time, we will need to form our own political party, not to become president, but to rule the house and the senate…

    The last problem we have is greed…some of our people will seek positions of power for their own benefits and agenda’s…just like the perverted white male catholic…

    So much needs to be done within our own commuity but the power of conquer and divide is so hard to break through because of greed…

    We live in a country and world that is ruled by greed and ignorance…

  29. This is how White supremacy 101 is practiced and maintained. Take a young black male, limit his education, use negative destructive images and ideas to destroy his sense of self. When they become adult males, they will commit crimes and the systems lock them away. This is how they can destroy the black family and the black culture

  30. Don’t get abandonment part. Barak was abandoned.

  31. Unless African-American adults begin to teach and train their young males this problem will never go away. We cannot expect the President or any government official to correct or train our children. We need to stop expecting others to solve the problems in the African-American community.

    • Even well trained Black men are not safe. It does help when you learn to carry yourself in this society, but to this point, the history of this country, allows for Black men & boys to continue to be targets of this racist system. I’m 45yrs old and have worked since 16, even did a few years in the military. I cannot tell you how many times I’ve been pulled over for nothing except my color and having a nice car. I’ve been “detained” because I fit a description. I’ve been questioned and asked for I.D. because I didn’t fit that neighborhoods’ profile. I’ve heard dumb ass racist remarks at work, the list goes on. When I access the internet, and see these remarks that people make about our President, who is probably one of the most intelligent, strong, and beautiful people I’ve ever seen, it’s a constant reminder that even the most powerful man in the world, is subject to the double standard that exist in this country. Blacks are constantly undermined no matter how good we are or what we’ve contributed to this world. Kids, early on need to be taught equality and tolerance. Enough of George and Abe. Education needs to be more diverse, teaching about ALL who have made contributiions. We are all equal, and that needs to be the starting point.

  32. Europeans recognize that their whole social order is built upon the consciousness and values that they’ve inculcated into African people. This means that if Africans begin to follow the lead of African-centered consciousness and values, the social order that is built upon us having a Eurocentric consciousness will collapse and fall apart. THAT’S WHY AFRICAN-CENTERED CONSCIOUSNESS & VALUES FRIGHTENS THEM TO DEATH! – Dr. Amos Wilson

    "We cannot be Afrikan and European at the same time. These are irreconcilably different realities."

    Mwalimu K. Bomani Baruti
    IWA: A Warrior's Character.

    It is thru the institutions, constructed by society; that society creates the personalities in the people and structures the society, so that it may maintain its existence.~Amos Wilson.

    • "The existence of violence is at the very heart of a racist system."

      Robert F. Williams
      Negroes with Guns

      "Our children's sanity must be protected from the european's racial hostilities. The esteem they brought into this world through the divine Afrikan womb has to be systematically cultivated and
      strengthened in this anti-Afrikan reality. We must protect their minds from the violence of the white mind."

      Mwalimu K. Bomani Baruti
      "The Game"

      "The Eurocentric organization of American society is such that its stability depends on the dysfunctionality and near disorganization of the Black family. Infected with the GERM of self-alienation, self-abnegation, self-misrepresentation, and economic deprivation, the resultant intra-familial conflict often is actualized as various forms of suicide by its young. African Americans are the most PATRIOTIC of all American ethnic groups- they sacrifice their lives every day for their country. The frequent breaking up of the African American home by many-pronged attacks on it by the RACIST SYSTEM in which it is embedded, frequently leaves its CHILDREN without a warm, caring, protective and wise PARENTAL SYSTEM which to identify and with which they can OVERCOME an encroaching sense of emotional and social isolation: a system which can be their ally in their embattled struggle against a hostile world. For the MALE CHILD the loss of his FATHER'S LOVE and PROTECTION, or his FAILURE to find a worthy substitute as the result of White supremacy's unrelenting and MURDEROUS ASSAULT on BLACK MANHOOD, are most often the apparent stimuli which instigate hos committing suicide. The chronic and overdetermined negation of African American males, if not countered by strong Black male egos, may subject them to fits of DEPRESSION and DEJECTION. These mood disorders very frequently precipitate suicide behavior, either directly and swiftly by lethal weapons, substances, and mechanical contrivances, or indirectly and slowly by injurious addictive habits, politically-based stress, negative health practices, neglect, and reckless behavior."-Prof. Amos Wilson

    • glad to have u back.u have been greatly missed

    • Ausar Heru Barashango

      Got me dec.17 1992 – July 28 1999….my life well just do the math…nevertheless I'm still standing

  33. education is great and the black in america are the most black people in the world…why? because we are up close and personal with every thing….it better to see that to read it…then you can tell how it is and how it go's much better…what is the real black problem in america…when we can see the real power in action….first thing hightly unorganize is the main destruction to black sociality….second–greed of some one else material things…everybody in the world is tearing everything apart putting it back together and selling it as there on product….everybody but blacks…..everybody is building recycling plants but blacks….this is where all the material is coming from now to make all products…..

  34. Black men are mainly being incarcerated because they are BLACK AFRICAN AMERICANS. Most imprisoned are non-violent, incarcerated by association of those who do commit such crimes basically just for being BLACK.

  35. This is a cotastropy that the Obama Admin should've long addressed! A conspriracy to eliminate the black race as a whole! Cook county jail houses nearly the capacity of black men and women-it's the largest holding cell in the nation of 10,000 and it sits right in Obama's front yard. The city of Chicago is committing highway robbery against our race with the Latino community at a close second and yet we have done nothing. Louis Farrakhan, Jesse Jackson and even the President have yet to say anything. Even non-violent offenders are still felons because their records in Chicago can't be sealed or expunged-maybe you don't think its your problem but it is.

  36. In the 18th century it was the transatlantic slave trade, in the 19th century it was slavery, in the 20th century it was Jim Crow. Today it is mass incarceration of young people of color creating a caste system. This system marginalized large segments of the Black community, segregates them(in prison, jails, and hoods), then authorizes discrimination against them in voting, employment, housing, education, and public benefits.

  37. Our Black men have been mistreated for too long. It is a fact that our families NEED our Black men…The system is and has continued to lock up Black men in great numbers guilty or not. Our families are suffering from the lack of our men in the home. For the Black Family this criminal justice system and the unfair treatment of Black males in prison should be a priority with our President's agenda.

    • Our black men are mistreated,start in the home. this is where is a lost of commitment and lot ccompeteing with one another who is in charge enstead of working it out, that is with there jobs and with there children. to easy to leave another instead of sitting down and takeing time to worke things out. women are liking front stage and not working out together.

    • I agree Lilian… after all, if the Obamas had male children, it would set home a definite message.

    • Yogi Smith That is one of the main reasons why Obama was elected…no male chlidren to continue the legacy. He is a used pawn to codify/pacify the citizens of the US. Obama (who sends H. Clinton on this assignments around the world to do the dirty work) is a terror to Black communities across the globe!

  38. This is why we must become more patient, kind, and loving to one another. We must become and remain vigilant in our quest to educate ourselves about the damage this situation is doing to our society. Overall, the most important task we each can do is to volunteer and or find work that someone benefits our community. The Boys and Girls Clubs, YMCA, PTA, and so many other programs constantly cry for Black Men and women who could help to do so. I work with our young men every day and it is discouraging to see how they are crying in their spirit for positive images to uphold and emulate. We must turn this tide around. We can do it!

  39. This should be th next Obama Bill…

    All Non Violent Offenders sentences should be re-elvaluated…If these persons have completed parole & or probation at the present date, their criminal records should be permanently removed!
    This allows A Second Chance for Success

  40. Once a tool maintain control, this has evolved into a full fledged caste system in America. Prison limits job availability and educational access, increases the occurrences of mental illness, reduces voter presence, and to me maybe the most disturbing today: NORMALIZES incarceration in many communities as not only an expected outcome, but desired as a rite of passage.

    • Clarence Tad Cromwell

      I agree 100%! Particularly the rites of passage part. We MUST change that mind state.

    • Clarence Tad Cromwell To do that, it has to be done before 8yrs. of age or the 4th grade. This is the time a child forms it's personality and decides how they want to be seen by others. At this age none of the now convicted criminals wanted to be in prison, but the mind sets and habits that leads to prison were forming. This is the critical age when family and community are the determining factors in forming the mind sets and habits that will be with them for the rest of their lives. If these 8yr. olds had the mind sets to do the right thing, the prision industrial complex would be a bad investment today.

    • I agree- that's why this "normalcy" of being locked up is so scary. I have friends who are police officers, lawyers and probation officers. Many young men believe they aren't real gangsters until they get locked up- only to come out, gain credibility & continue to behave so that a second trip is almost guaranteed.

    • Media, unfortunately, has romanticized being a dealer, gangster, or going jail as some form of blackman "credibility." Showing AA men with gold fangs growling as animals do…these images are perpetuated by the droves in to the minds of young innocent children. Socially educated women tend not to fall to this trick!

    • I disagree with the "mind set" reason. As the report stated 60% is non-violent arrest. Doing drugs has almost nothing to do with being or establishing a "gangster" rep. Most are non-violent people doing drugs.

  41. THIS IS VERY TRUE ,MANY. InMATES NEED THERAPY TO IDENTIFY & GET HELP WITH ANGER, ABANDONDMENT ISSUES& DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AS WELL AS SUBSTANCE ABUSE. .{OW IS JUST BEING JAILED FIXING THE UNDERLINED ISSUES .IT ONLY GiVES THEIR CHILDREN THE SAME ISSUES ABANDONDMENT ISSUES & ANGER. & THE CYCLE CONTINUS

  42. This should be th next Obama Bill…

    All Non Violent Offenders sentences should be re-elvaluated…If these persons have completed parole & or probation at the present date, their criminal records should be permanently removed!
    This allows A Second Chance for Success

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