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Martin Luther King Jr.; The Lion Who Led The Civil Rights Movement

Martin Luther King Jr.; The Lion who that led the Civil Rights movement

By Moses Kamuiru.

Early life

Martin Luther King Jr. was born Michael Luther King, Jr. on the 15th of January in 1929 but later changed his identity to Martin. King came from a Legacy of Pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta and was a third generation pastor. His Grandfather began the family’s long tenure in 1914 and served through to 1931. His father took over and served from 1931 to 1960 when Martin Luther King, Jr. took over and served as a co-pastor until his death.


King attended segregated public schools in Georgia where at the age of 15, he graduated from high school. Later, he would receive a Bachelor of Arts Degree from Moore College which was a distinguished black college from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. He was awarded the B.D in 1951 after three years at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he did Theology. At the institution, he was elected the president of his senior class which was white dominated. He would later enroll for graduate studies at Boston University with a fellowship he had won at Crozer, where he met and married Coretta Scott with whom he had two sons and two daughters.

Civil rights Movement

Martin Luther became the pastor of the Dexter Avenue Church in Montgomery, Alabama in 1954. He became a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of people of color as he was a striking worker for the civil rights of members of the Negroid Race. The association was a top organization of its kind in the United States. In the December of 1955, he was ready to take the leadership of the first great African American nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the country. The boycott against segregation in buses lasted for over a year during when whites and Blacks rode buses as equals until the 21st of December 1956, after a ruling by the Supreme Court declaring the boycott unconstitutional. During this time, King was subjected to personal abuse, arrested, his Montgomery house bombed but emerged as a Leader of the color of the first rank.

The Nobel peace prize

King was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, which was an organization that was created to provide new leadership for the then growing civil rights movement. In the 11 year period that he served from 1957 to 1968, King Spoke over 2500 times and traveled over six million miles, making appearances wherever there was injustice, action or protests. He also wrote numerous articles and authored five books. At only 35 years old, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man ever to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. He gave the price money of $54,123 to the Civil rights Movements Course immediately after he was notified of the selection. King was murdered on April 4th in 1968 while standing in the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee.

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